The ultimate guide to writing perfect research papers, essays, dissertations or even a thesis. Structure your work effectively to impress your readers. A Research Guide for Students » Chapter 1. Works cites, Write notes on pdf or Bibliography?
What is an Annotated Bibliography? What is a research paper? A research paper is a piece of academic writing based on its author’s original research on a particular topic, and the analysis and interpretation of the research findings. It can be either a term paper, a master’s thesis or a doctoral dissertation. This Chapter outlines the logical steps to writing a good research paper. To achieve supreme excellence or perfection in anything you do, you need more than just the knowledge.
Like the Olympic athlete aiming for the gold medal, you must have a positive attitude and the belief that you have the ability to achieve it. HOW TO START A RESEARCH PAPER? Choose a topic which interests and challenges you. Your attitude towards the topic may well determine the amount of effort and enthusiasm you put into your research. Focus on a limited aspect, e.
Obtain teacher approval for your topic before embarking on a full-scale research. If you are uncertain as to what is expected of you in completing the assignment or project, re-read your assignment sheet carefully or ASK your teacher. Select a subject you can manage. Avoid subjects that are too technical, learned, or specialized. Avoid topics that have only a very narrow range of source materials. Pay attention to domain name extensions, e.
These sites represent institutions and tend to be more reliable, but be watchful of possible political bias in some government sites. Be wary of the millions of personal home pages on the Net. The quality of these personal homepages vary greatly. Internet can help you eliminate irrelevant sites and waste less of your time. The recent arrival of a variety of domain name extensions such as . Many of the new extensions have no registration restrictions and are available to anyone who wishes to register a distinct domain name that has not already been taken.
Check out public and university libraries, businesses, government agencies, as well as contact knowledgeable people in your community. Bookmark your favorite Internet sites. Printout, photocopy, and take notes of relevant information. If printing from the Internet, it is wise to set up the browser to print the URL and date of access for every page. Remember that an article without bibliographical information is useless since you cannot cite its source.
Most research papers normally require a thesis statement. If you are not sure, ask your teacher whether your paper requires it. A thesis statement is a main idea, a central point of your research paper. The arguments you provide in your paper should be based on this cenral idea, that is why it is so important. Do some critical thinking and write your thesis statement down in one sentence.
Your research paper thesis statement is like a declaration of your belief. The main portion of your essay will consist of arguments to support and defend this belief. It is impossible to create a thesis statement immediately when you have just started fulfilling your assignment. Before you write a thesis statement, you should collect, organize and analyze materials and your ideas. You cannot make a finally formulated statement before you have completed your reseach paper. It will naturally change while you develop your ideas.
Stay away from generic and too fuzzy statements and arguments. The paper should present something new to the audience to make it interesting and educative to read. Avoid citing other authors in this section. Present your own ideas in your own words instead of simply copying from other writers. Make sure your thesis is strong. If you have time and opportunity, show it to your instructor to revise.
Otherwise, you may estimate it yourself. Does my statement answer the question of my assignment? Can my position be disputed or opposed? If not, maybe you have just provided a summary instead of creating an argument. Is my statement precise enough? It should not be too general and vague. Does the body of my manuscript support my thesis, or are they different things?
Compare them and change if necessary. Remember that changing elements of your work in the process of writing and reviewing is normal. A well-prepared thesis means well-shaped ideas. It increases credibility of the paper and makes good impression about its author. An outline might be formal or informal.