This article has multiple issues. Norms are rules and expectations by which theories of crime and deviance pdf of society are conventionally guided. Deviance is an absence of conformity to these norms.
Social norms differ from culture to culture. For example, a deviant act can be committed in one society that breaks a social norm there, but may be normal for another society. The departure of certain types of behavior from the norms of a particular society at a particular time and “violation of certain types of group norms where behavior is in a disapproved direction and of sufficient degree to exceed the tolerance limit of the community. Killing another human is considered wrong, except when governments permit it during warfare or for self defense. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Social integration is the attachment to groups and institutions, while social regulation is the adherence to the norms and values of the society.
Durkheim’s theory attributes social deviance to extremes of the dimensions of the social bond. Likewise, individuals may commit crimes for the good of an individual’s group, for the self-due to or justified by lack of ties, or because the societal norms that place the individual in check no longer have power due to society’s corruption. When he studied deviance he stated four important functions of deviance. Deviance affirms cultural values and norms. Any definition of virtue rests on an opposing idea of vice: There can be no good without evil and no justice without crime”. Deviance defines moral boundaries, people learn right from wrong by defining people as deviant. A serious form of deviance forces people to come together and react in the same way against it.