In theogony and works and days pdf cultures, narratives about the origin of the Cosmos and about the gods that shaped it are a way for society to reaffirm its native cultural traditions. Specifically, theogonies tend to affirm kingship as the natural embodiment of society. Hesiod appropriates to himself the authority usually reserved to sacred kingship.
It is not that this gesture is meant to make Hesiod a king. Greek mythology, but rather as a snapshot of a dynamic tradition that happened to crystallize when Hesiod formulated the myths he knew—and to remember that the traditions have continued evolving since that time. Anatolian parallel to Hesiod’s Uranus-Cronus conflict. Zeus was eventually established as the final and permanent ruler of the cosmos. Only her son Cronus, the youngest Titan, was willing to do so.
Uranus came to lie with Gaia, Cronus reached out and castrated his father. Cronus, having taken control of the Cosmos, wanted to ensure that he maintained power. However, when Rhea was pregnant with Zeus, Rhea begged her parents Gaia and Uranus to help her save Zeus. So they sent Rhea to Crete to bear Zeus and Gaia took the newborn Zeus to raise, hiding him deep in a cave beneath the Aegean Mountains. And Rhea gave Cronus a huge stone wrapped in baby’s clothes which he swallowed thinking that it was another of Rhea’s children.
Cronus regurgitated his other five children. Zeus then released his uncles the Cyclopes, who provided Zeus with his great weapons, the thunderbolts. A great war was begun, between Zeus and his fellow Olympians and the Titans, for control of the Cosmos. Titans, allowing Zeus to gain the upper hand.