He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? Early on, the servant of the Lord is promised to prosper and “be very high”. Then, the Servant is vindicated by God, “because he bared the great isaiah scroll pdf soul unto death”. On the other hand, it is argued that the “servant” in this song might be an individual.
Isaiah 53:9, “And he gave his grave to the wicked, and to the wealthy with his kinds of death, because he committed no violence, and there was no deceit in his mouth. The first book of the Talmud—Berachot 5a applies Isaiah 53 to the people of Israel and those who study Torah—”If the Holy One, blessed be He, is pleased with Israel or man, He crushes him with painful sufferings. Now, you might think that this is so even if he did not accept them with love. Even as the trespass-offering must be brought by consent, so also the sufferings must be endured with consent. And if he did accept them, what is his reward? It has been taught: R.
Yohai says: The Holy One, blessed be He, gave Israel three precious gifts, and all of them were given only through sufferings. These are: The Torah, the Land of Israel and the World To Come. Six things are a good sign for a sick person, namely, sneezing, perspiration, open bowels, seminal emission, sleep and a dream. Sneezing, as it is written: His sneezings flash forth light.
Perspiration, as it is written, In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread. Open bowels, as it is written: If lie that is bent down hasteneth to be loosed, he shall not go down dying to the pit. Seminal emission, as it is written: Seeing seed, he will prolong his days. Sleep, as it is written: I should have slept, then should I have been at rest. A dream, as it is written: Thou didst cause me to dream and make me to live.
He that is bent down shall speedily, etc. Midrash Rabbah—Genesis XX:10 five things which are a favourable omen for an invalid, viz. For what purpose then was it written? To teach how great is the reward of those who do deeds of kindness. Numbers Rabbah 13:2 applies Is 53:12 to Israel in exile—”There can be almost no doubt that the redactor of Numbers Rabbah had before him an ancient Midrash on Numbers, and perhaps on other books as well, which has not come down to us and which we do not know of today. From the nature of the passages that were incorporated from this work and that remain in the Numbers Rabbah that we have today, one may conclude that this Midrash belonged to the group of Tanhuma-style Midrashim.
The Midrash Rabba on Deuteronomy says, “The Israelites poured out their soul to die in the captivity, as it is said, ‘Because he poured out his soul to die. Isaiah 53 in reference to the nation of Israel as a whole. Midrash Rabbah—Exodus XIX:6 In this world, when Israel ate the paschal lamb in Egypt, they did so in haste, as it is said: And thus shall ye eat it, etc. Torah which is sweeter than honey, the Holy One, blessed be He, will therefore in the hereafter give them to drink of the wine that is preserved in its grapes since the six days of Creation, and will let them bathe in rivers of milk. And Boaz said unto her at meal time: come hither, and eat of the bread, and dip thy morsel in the vinegar. Jonathan interpreted this verse in six ways.
The first refers it to David. The fifth interpretation makes it refer to the Messiah. Zohar Volume III page 153b. 52:13 is applied to the Righteous of Israel in Zohar Volume I 181a. God finds delight in the soul but not in the body, as the soul resembles the supernal soul, whereas the body is not worthy to be allied to the supernal essences, although the image of the body is part of the supernal symbolism. Observe that when God takes delight in the soul of a man, He afflicts the body in order that the soul may gain full freedom.