Today the remains of Buchenwald serve as a memorial and permanent the buchenwald report pdf and museum. Buchenwald concentration camp in 1937. The camp was liberated by the U. S Army on 11 April 1945.
Nothing has ever shocked me as much as that sight. He lived in nearby Weimar and took walks through the woods in the area. However, the Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorials Foundation say that the name ‘Goethe Oak’ was simply an epithet made up by the inmates of the camp in commemoration of Goethe. The tree was destroyed by allied bombing in 1944. The SS interpreted this to mean the ‘superior race’ had a right to humiliate and destroy others. It is embedded in the metal gate so that it can be read properly from inside the camp, rather than when standing outside.
Wachsmann and the Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorials Foundation place the number of deaths at 56,000, not including all those prisoners who died in another Camp after having overcome the death march from Buchenwald. In February 1940 Koch, to his and his wife’s delight, had an indoor riding hall built by the prisoners who died in the dozen due to the harsh conditions of the construction site. The hall was built inside the camp, near the canteen, so that oftentimes Ilse Koch could be seen riding in the morning to the beat of the prisoner orchestra. Koch himself was eventually imprisoned at Buchenwald by the Nazi authorities for incitement to murder. The charges were lodged by Prince Waldeck and Dr.