Happy mental states may reflect judgements by a person about their overall well-being. There has been a transition over time from stumbling on happiness pdf free download on the happiness of virtue to the virtue of happiness.
Since the turn of the millennium, psychologists have increasingly become interested in developing an approach to human flourishing. He observed that men sought riches, or honour, or health not only for their own sake but also in order to be happy. Aristotle an activity rather than an emotion or a state. Thus understood, the happy life is the good life, that is, a life in which a person fulfills human nature in an excellent way. Specifically, Aristotle argues that the good life is the life of excellent rational activity. He arrives at this claim with the Function Argument.
Basically, if it’s right, every living thing has a function, that which it uniquely does. For humans, Aristotle contends, our function is to reason, since it is that alone that we uniquely do. And performing one’s function well, or excellently, is good. Thus, according to Aristotle, the life of excellent rational activity is the happy life. Aristotle does not leave it at that, however. He argues that there is a second best life for those incapable of excellent rational activity. This second best life is the life of moral virtue.