This discussion forms part of a larger discussion on fragmentation of international law. While pluralist scholars conceive international human rights law as being distinct from international humanitarian law, proponents of the sources of international human rights law pdf approach regard the latter as a subset of the former. UN General Assembly declaration that does not in form create binding international human rights law. Many legal scholars cite the UDHR as evidence of customary international law.
More broadly, the UDHR has become an authoritative human rights reference. Regional systems of international human rights law supplement and complement national and international human rights law by protecting and promoting human rights in specific areas of the world. Europe of 1950, in force since 1953. ACHR for the Americas of 1988, in force since 1999. Established in 2001, the AU’s purpose is to help secure Africa’s democracy, human rights, and a sustainable economy, in particular by bringing an end to intra-African conflict and creating an effective common market.
The Charter was unanimously approved at the OAU’s 1981 Assembly. African continent, as well as with interpreting the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, and considering individual complaints of violations of the Charter. In pursuit of these goals, the Commission is mandated to “collect documents, undertake studies and researches on African problems in the field of human and peoples’ rights, organise seminars, symposia and conferences, disseminate information, encourage national and local institutions concerned with human and peoples’ rights and, should the case arise, give its views or make recommendations to governments. Commission will have the additional task of preparing cases for submission to the Court’s jurisdiction. In a July 2004 decision, the AU Assembly resolved that the future Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights would be integrated with the African Court of Justice.
Although it has not yet been established, it is intended to take over the duties of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, as well as to act as the supreme court of the African Union, interpreting all necessary laws and treaties. Court of Justice has delayed its establishment. The Protocol establishing the Court of Justice will come into force when ratified by fifteen countries. There are many countries in Africa accused of human rights violations by the international community and NGOs. Its members are the thirty-five independent states of the Americas.
OAS made major efforts to reinvent itself to fit the new context. Costa Rica, it is one of the bodies that comprise the inter-American system for the promotion and protection of human rights. The IACHR is a permanent body which meets in regular and special sessions several times a year to examine allegations of human rights violations in the hemisphere. The Inter-American Court of Human Rights was established in 1979 with the purpose of enforcing and interpreting the provisions of the American Convention on Human Rights. Under the former, it hears and rules on the specific cases of human rights violations referred to it.