Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. He produced 22 collections of short stories, a novel, five series of radio plays, three collections of essays, two collections of personal sketches. His best saadat hasan manto short stories pdf stories are held in high esteem by writers and critics.
Manto was known to write about the atrocious truths that no one dared to talk about. Manto is best known for his stories about the partition of the subcontinent immediately following independence in 1947. Manto chronicled the chaos that prevailed, during and after the Partition of India in 1947. He started his literary career translating the works of Victor Hugo, Oscar Wilde and Russian writers such as Chekhov and Gorky. His first story was “Tamasha”, based on the Jallianwala Bagh massacre at Amritsar. Though his earlier works, influenced by the progressive writers of his times, showed a marked leftist and socialist leanings, his later work progressively became stark in portraying the darkness of the human psyche, as humanist values progressively declined around the Partition. His final works, which grew from the social climate and his own financial struggles, reflected an innate sense of human impotency towards darkness and contained a satirism that verged on dark comedy, as seen in his final work, Toba Tek Singh.
It not only showed the influence of his own demons, but also that of the collective madness that he saw in the ensuing decade of his life. To add to it, his numerous court cases and societal rebukes deepened his cynical view of society, from which he felt isolated. No part of human existence remained untouched or taboo for him, he sincerely brought out stories of prostitutes and pimps alike, just as he highlighted the subversive sexual slavery of the women of his times. To many contemporary women writers, his language portrayed reality and provided them with the dignity they long deserved.
He is still known for his scathing insight into human behaviour as well as revelation of the macabre animalistic nature of an enraged people, that stands out amidst the brevity of his prose. His concerns on the socio-political issues, from local to global are revealed in his series, Letters to Uncle Sam, and those to Pandit Nehru. On his writing he often commented, “If you find my stories dirty, the society you are living in is dirty. With my stories, I only expose the truth”. Saadat Hassan Manto was born in Paproudi village of Samrala, in the Ludhiana district of the Punjab in a Muslim family of barristers on 11 May 1912. His father was a judge of a local court. He was ethnically a Kashmiri and proud of his Kashmiri roots.
The big turning point in his life came in 1933, at age 21, when he met Abdul Bari Alig, a scholar and polemic writer, in Amritsar. Abdul Bari Alig encouraged him to find his true talents and read Russian and French authors. It was here that he met writer Ali Sardar Jafri and found a new spurt in his writing. His second story, “Inqlaab Pasand”, was published in Aligarh magazine in March 1935. A writer picks up his pen only when his sensibility is hurt. Saadat Hasan Manto had accepted the job of writing for Urdu Service of All India Radio in 1941.
Manto ke Afsane and his first collection of topical essays, Manto ke Mazamin. This period culminated with the publication of his mixed collection Afsane aur Dramey in 1943. Meanwhile, due to a quarrel with the director of the All India Radio, poet N. Rashid, he left his job and returned to Bombay in July 1942 and again started working with film industry. Chal Chal Re Naujawan and Mirza Ghalib, which was finally released in 1954.
Another highlight of his second phase in Bombay was the publication of a collection of his stories, Chugad, which also included the story ‘Babu Gopinath’. He stayed in Bombay until he moved to Pakistan in January 1948 after the partition of India in 1947. Manto and his family were among the millions of Muslims who left present-day India for the Muslim-majority nation of Pakistan . Pak Tea House holds a special place in the memories of those who know about Lahore’s vibrant literary and cultural past.