Italy, and the seventh largest metropolitan area in Italy. The population of the city proper is 313,000 while the population of the conurbation is estimated to be 767,003. The metropolitan city has 1,115,rough guide sicily pdf inhabitants.
Catania has had a long and eventful history, having been founded in the 8th century BC. Sicily was founded in the city. Catania was one of Italy’s most important cultural, artistic and political centres. The city has a rich culture and history, hosting many museums, restaurants, churches, parks and theatres. Catania is well known for its street food.
On the one hand, violent outbursts of the volcano throughout history have destroyed large parts of the city, whilst on the other hand the volcanic ashes yield fertile soil, especially suited for the growth of vines. Other translations of the name are “harsh lands”, “uneven ground”, “sharp stones”, or “rugged or rough soil”. The latter etymologies are easily justifiable since, for many centuries following an eruption, the city has always been rebuilt within its black-lava landscape. Elephant”, while the latter means “The City of the Elephant”. The Elephant is the lava sculpture over the fountain in Piazza Duomo.
Most likely a prehistoric sculpture that was reforged during the Byzantine Era, it appears to be a talisman that was reputedly powerful enough to protect the city from enemies and to keep away misfortune, plagues, or natural calamities. The exact date of which is uncertain. It is evident that Catania had close relations with these other cities during this time. The old Chalcidic citizens were reinstated to the city in 461 BC. The period that followed appears to have been one of great prosperity for Catania, as well as for the Sicilian cities in general. The Catanaeans at first refused to allow the Athenians into their city, but after the latter had forced an entrance, they found themselves compelled to honour the alliance of their invaders.