Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. India role of legislature in democracy pdf the dual polity system, i. Indian federation and a lower house i. Congress government was formed for the first time in independent India.
The 1990s saw the end of single-party domination and the rise of coalition governments. In recent decades, Indian politics has become a dynastic affair. Possible reasons for this could be the absence of party organizations, independent civil society associations that mobilize support for the parties, and centralized financing of elections. Compared with other democratic countries, India has a large number of political parties.
It has been estimated that over 200 parties were formed after India became independent in 1947. Some features of the political parties in India are that the parties are generally woven around their leaders, the leaders are actively playing a dominant role, and that the role of leadership can be transferred, thus tending to take a dynastic route. These two parties dominate national politics. On the left-right political spectrum, the Indian National Congress is a party created and first headed by Jawaharlal Nehru which is turned into a dynastic rule , whereas the BJP is its main contender which holds development as its strong agenda . Symbols are used in Indian political system as an identity of political parties and so that illiterate people can also vote by recognizing symbols of party. Legislative presence is a must for recognition as a National or State party. For a National party, it must be the legislative presence in the Lok Sabha and for a State party, the legislative presence must be reflected in the State Assembly.