The Third battle of Panipat 13 January 1761. Marathas lost suzerainty panipat war in marathi pdf Punjab till north of Sutlej river to the Afghans.
Ahmad Shah Durrani vacates Delhi soon after the battle. Maratha expansion checked for the time being. Flag of Herat until 1842. Flag of the Maratha Empire. Estimates between 30,000 and 40,000 combatants killed in the battle.
70,000 non-combatants massacred following the battle. The specific site of the battle itself is disputed by historians, but most consider it to have occurred somewhere near modern-day Kaalaa Aamb and Sanauli Road. The battle lasted for several days and involved over 125,000 troops. Protracted skirmishes occurred, with losses and gains on both sides.
70,000 were killed in fighting, while the numbers of injured and prisoners taken vary considerably. According to the single best eyewitness chronicle—the bakhar by Shuja-ud-Daulah’s Diwan Kashi Raj—about 40,000 Maratha prisoners were slaughtered in cold blood the day after the battle. The result of the battle was the halting of further Maratha advances in the north, and a destabilisation of their territories, for roughly ten years. Maratha domination following the defeat at Panipat.
In 1771, ten years after Panipat, he sent a large Maratha army into northern India in an expedition that was meant to re-establish Maratha domination in that area and punish refractory powers that had either sided with the Afghans, such as the Rohillas, or had shaken off Maratha domination after Panipat. The success of this campaign can be seen as the last saga of the long story of Panipat. Under Peshwa Baji Rao, Gujarat, Malwa and Rajputana came under Maratha control. Finally, in 1737, Baji Rao defeated the Mughals on the outskirts of Delhi and brought much of the former Mughal territories south of Delhi under Maratha control. Maratha control by invading Punjab in 1758. He then joined with his Indian allies—the Rohilla Afghans of the Gangetic Doab—forming a broad coalition against the Marathas.