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16 to 18 year olds. The program provides an internationally accepted qualification for entry into higher education and is recognized by many universities worldwide. After a six-year pilot programme ended in 1975, a bilingual diploma was established. IBDP is taught in schools in over 140 countries, in one of three languages: English, French, or Spanish. In order to participate, students must attend an IB school. Students are evaluated using both internal and external assessments, and courses finish with an externally assessed series of examinations, usually consisting of two or three timed written tests. Internal assessment varies by subject: there may be oral presentations, practical work, or written work.
In most cases, these are initially graded by the classroom teacher, whose grades are then verified or modified, as necessary, by an appointed external moderator. Generally, the IBDP has been well received. It has been commended for introducing interdisciplinary thinking to students. A-levels, with universities working carefully to construct appropriate equivalent offer conditions. When he became director of Ecolint’s English division, Desmond Cole-Baker began to develop the idea, and in 1962, his colleague Robert Leach organised a conference in Geneva, at which the term “International Baccalaureate” was first mentioned. Leach as “the original promoter of the International Baccalaureate. 10,000, which was inadequate to do more than produce a few papers, or bring teachers together for meetings.
1965, at which details about the curriculum for the Diploma Programme were discussed and agreed upon. Peterson initiated the pattern of combining “general education with specialization”, which melded with the curricula of the United States and Canada, and became the “curriculum framework” proposed at the UNESCO conference in Geneva in 1967. Late in 1967, ISES was restructured and renamed the IB Council of Foundation, and John Goormaghtigh became the first president in January 1968. In 1968, the IB headquarters were officially established in Geneva for the development and maintenance of the IBDP.
The aim was to “provide an internationally acceptable university admissions qualification suitable for the growing mobile population of young people whose parents were part of the world of diplomacy, international and multi-national organizations. The first six years of the IB Diploma Programme, with a limited number of students, are referred to as the “experimental period”. Each school was to be inspected by ISES or IBO and had to be approved by their government. IBDP to remain in the country rather than being sent to Geneva. The first official guide to the programme containing its syllabus and official assessment information was published in 1970 and included the theory of knowledge course. Asian culture and education into the IB curriculum. In 1982, the Standing Conference of Heads of IB Schools took steps to modify the Eurocentrism in the curriculum.
The same year, the Japanese government hosted a science conference for IBO “as a token of Japanese interest in the various dimensions of the IB”. From the start, all subjects of the IB Diploma Programme were available in English and French, and it was mandatory for all students to study both a first and a second language. In 1974, bilingual diplomas were introduced that allowed students to take one or more of their humanities or science subjects in a language other than their first. The IB Diploma Programme subjects became available in Spanish in 1983. The candidate may choose to investigate a topic within a subject they are currently studying, although this is not required.
The EE may be written on an interdisciplinary topic. It is claimed to be a “flagship element” of the Diploma Programme, and is the one course that all diploma candidates are required to take. Previously, there was a requirement that 150 CAS hours be completed, but this was abolished in 2010. However, some schools still require these hours. Group 6 or a permitted substitute from one of the other groups, as described below. The IB recommends a minimum of 240 hours of instructional time for HL courses and 150 hours for SL courses. While the IB encourages students to pursue the full IB diploma, the “substantial workload require a great deal of commitment, organization, and initiative”.