Please forward this obc non creamy layer income limit 2015 pdf screen to 158. Mandal Commission or the National Sample Survey. Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and OBCs. Supreme Court conclusions from Ashoka Kumar Thakur vs.
Under Article 340 of the Indian Constitution, it is obligatory for the government to promote the welfare of the OBCs. The president may by order appoint a commission consisting of such persons as he thinks fit to investigate the conditions of socially and educationally backward classes within the territory of India and the difficulties under which they labour and to make recommendations as to the steps that should be taken by the union or any state to remove such difficulties and as to improve their condition and as to the grants that should be made, and the order appointing such commission shall define the procedure to be followed by the commission. A commission so appointed shall investigate the matters referred to them and present to the president a report setting out the facts as found by them and making such recommendations as they think proper. This difference between proportion of different communities in higher educational institutions is mainly because of difference in primary school enrollment. 29 January 1953 under the chairmanship of Kaka Kalelkar, and submitted its report on 30 March 1955. It had prepared a list of 2,399 backward castes or communities for the entire country, of which 837 had been classified as the “most backward”.
Reservation of 70 per cent seats in all technical and professional institutions for qualified students of backward classes. Reservation of vacancies in all government services and local bodies for other backward classes. The commission in its final report recommended “caste as the criteria” to determine backwardness. However, the report was not accepted by the government, which feared that the backward classes excluded from the caste and communities selected by the commission might not be considered, and those in most need would be swamped by the multitudes, thus receiving insufficient attention. NFHS Survey estimated only Hindu OBC population.
Total OBC population derived by assuming Muslim ABCation in same proportion as Hindu OBC population. The decision to set up a second backward classes commission was made official by the president on 1 January 1979. Mandal Commission developed 11 indicators or criteria to identify OBCs, of which four were economic. There is substantial debate over the exact number of OBCs in India, with census data compromised by partisan politics.
It is generally estimated to be sizable, but lower than the figures quoted by either the Mandal Commission or and National Sample Survey. 27 percent of reservation was recommended owing to the legal constraint that the total quantum of reservation should not exceed 50 percent. States which have already introduced reservation for OBC exceeding 27 per cent will not be affected by this recommendation. Candidates belonging to OBC recruited on the basis of merit in an open competition should not be adjusted against their reservation quota of 27 per cent. The above reservation should also be made applicable to promotion quota at all levels.
Reserved quota remaining unfilled should be carried forward for a period of three years and de-reserved thereafter. A roster system for each category of posts should be adopted by the concerned authorities in the same manner as presently done in respect of scheduled caste and scheduled tribe candidates. These recommendations in total are applicable to all recruitment to public sector undertakings, both under the central and state governments as well as to nationalised banks. All private sector undertakings which have received financial assistance from the government in one form or other should also be obliged to recruit personnel on the aforesaid basis. All universities and affiliated colleges should also be covered by the above scheme of reservation. Although education is considered an important factor to bring a desired social change, “educational reform” was not within the terms of reference of this commission.
An intensive time-bound programme for adult education should be launched in selected pockets with high concentration of OBC population. Residential schools should be set up in these areas for backward class students to provide a climate specially conducive to serious studies. All facilities in these schools including board and lodging should be provided free of cost to attract students from poor and backward class homes. Separate hostels for OBC students with above facilities will have to be provided. Vocational training was considered imperative. It was recommended that seats should be reserved for OBC students in all scientific, technical and professional institutions run by the central as well as state governments. The quantum of reservation should be the same as in the government services, i.