A woman consulting with a pharmacist. This non prescription medicines in the pharmacy pdf mated to anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology. Pharmacists may also practice in a variety of other settings, including industry, wholesaling, research, academia, military, and government.
One of the most important roles that pharmacists are currently taking on is one of pharmaceutical care. Pharmaceutical care involves taking direct responsibility for patients and their disease states, medications, and management of each to improve outcomes. Pharmacists are often the first point-of-contact for patients with health inquiries. On graduation, pharmacists are licensed, either nationally or regionally, to dispense medication of various types in the areas they have trained for. Some may undergo further specialized training, such as in cardiology or oncology. The Australian Pharmacy Council is the independent accreditation agency for Australian pharmacists. It conducts examinations on behalf of the Pharmacy Board of Australia towards eligibility for registration.
Australia appear to have stagnated. Pharmacist graduates are the lowest paid university graduates most years. Over recent years, wages have stagnated, and even gone backwards. There are more graduates expected in the next few years making it even harder to get a job. This is due to the large numbers of pharmacy graduates in recent years, and government desire to lower PBS costs. Contract and casual work is becoming more common.
There are accounts of underemployment and unemployment emerging recently. Canada’s licensed pharmacists work in community pharmacies, another 15 percent in hospital or institutional pharmacies, and the remainder work in situations that may not legally require licensed pharmacists such as associations, pharmaceutical companies, and consulting firms. 95,000, have been said to be slightly better than Australia but not as good as in the USA. This likely depends on what parts of Canada and or the USA are compared. A Pharmacist must be registered with the College of Pharmacists of British Columbia to practice in this province. A Bachelor of Science in Pharmaceutical Sciences is the minimum requirement to practice as a pharmacist in BC.
Professional associations include the College of Pharmacists of British Columbia and the British Columbia Pharmacy Association. Pharmacists must be registered with the Alberta College of Pharmacists in order to practice in Alberta. The Ontario College of Pharmacists grants licenses to practise as a Pharmacist in the province of Ontario. International graduates of pharmacy must successfully complete the Pharmacist Evaluating Exam and Pharmacist Qualifying Exam along with a Studentship and Internship to be registered as a Pharmacist in Ontario. Canadian graduates of the pharmacy programme can sit the qualifying exam directly without the evaluating exam.
Today, many pharmacists work as employees in public pharmacies. In ancient Japan, the men who fulfilled roles similar to pharmacists were respected. In the Imperial household, the pharmacist was even ranked above the two personal physicians of the Emperor. As of 1997, 46 universities of pharmacy in Japan graduated about 8000 students annually.
6-year first Degree course leading to the award of a Pharm. D programme with other pharmacy schools planning to start soon. The Pharmacy Degree in Nigeria is unclassified i. Pass with Distinctions in specific fields such as Pharmaceutics, Pharmacology, medicinal chemistry etc. Institution before they can become Registered Pharmacists.
The West African Post Graduate College of Pharmacy runs post-registration courses on advanced-level practice in various fields of pharmacy. It is a college jointly funded by a number of Countries in the West Africa sub-region. There are thousands of Nigerian-trained Pharmacists registered and Practicing in countries such as the US, the UK, Canada etc. Pakistan and the Pharmacy Council of Pakistan revised the syllabus and changed the 4-year B.
Program to a 5-year Pharm. All 21 universities have started the 5-year Pharm. Polish pharmacists have to complete a 5-and-a-half-years Master of Pharmacy Programme at medical university and obtain the Right to Practice as a Pharmacist in Poland from District Pharmaceutical Council. The Programme includes 6-months pharmacy training. Not only pharmacists, but also pharmaceutical technicians are allowed to dispense prescription medicines, except for narcotics, psychotropics and very potent medicines. Pharmacists approve prescriptions fulfilled by pharmaceutical technicians subsequently.