This article is about the medical condition. Disproportionate dwarfism is characterized by either short limbs or a short torso. In cases of proportionate dwarfism, both the limbs medical terminology pdf free download torso are unusually small.
Normal intelligence and lifespan are usual. Treatment depends on the underlying cause. Individual accommodations, such as specialized furniture, are often used by people with dwarfism. Many support groups provide services to aid individuals and the discrimination they may face.
In addition to the medical aspect of the condition, there are also social aspects. A defining characteristic of dwarfism is an adult height less than the 2. 3rd percentile of the CDC standard growth charts. There is a wide range of physical characteristics. Variations in individuals are identified by diagnosing and monitoring the underlying disorders. There may not be any complications outside adapting to their size. Short stature is a common replacement of the term ‘dwarfism’, especially in a medical context.
Short stature is clinically defined as a height within the lowest 2. Although that is short in a relative context, it does not fall into the extreme ranges of the growth charts. Disproportionate dwarfism is characterized by shortened limbs or a shortened torso. Facial features are often affected and individual body parts may have problems associated with them. There may be long periods without any significant growth. Sexual development is often delayed or impaired into adulthood.
Physical effects of malformed bones vary according to the specific disease. Mental effects also vary according to the specific underlying syndrome. In most cases of skeletal dysplasia, such as achondroplasia, mental function is not impaired. However, there are syndromes which can affect the cranial structure and growth of the brain, severely impairing mental capacity. Unless the brain is directly affected by the underlying disorder, there is little to no chance of mental impairment that can be attributed to dwarfism. The psycho-social limitations of society may be more disabling than the physical symptoms, especially in childhood and adolescence, but people with dwarfism vary greatly in the degree to which social participation and emotional health are affected.