Please update this management of malnutrition pdf to reflect recent events or newly available information. Malnutrition refers to the situation where there is an unbalanced diet in which some nutrients are in excess, lacking or wrong proportion.
Simply put, we can categorise it to be under-nutrition and over-nutrition. Among these, half of them under 3 are underweight and a third of wealthiest children are over-nutriented. Afghanistan and Pakistan with a GHI score of 29. India is one of the fastest growing countries in terms of population and economics, sitting at a population of 1. 342 billion and growing at 1.
India’s Gross Domestic Product growth was 9. Independence in 1947, its economic status has been classified as a low-income country with majority of the population at or below the poverty line. United States, Canada and Australia. Some of the major causes for malnutrition in India are Economic inequality. Due to the low social status of some population groups, their diet often lacks in both quality and quantity. Women who suffer malnutrition are less likely to have healthy babies. Deficiencies in nutrition inflict long-term damage to both individuals and society.
Compared with their better-fed peers, nutrition-deficient individuals are more likely to have infectious diseases such as pneumonia and tuberculosis, which lead to a higher mortality rate. In addition, nutrition-deficient individuals are less productive at work. India where labour is a major input factor for economic production. On the other hand, over-nutrition also has severe consequences. Since 1990 there has been some improvements for children but the proportion of hungry in the population has increased.
Many factors, including region, religion and caste affect the nutritional status of Indians. Living in rural areas also contribute to nutritional status. Anaemia is negatively correlated with wealth. When it comes to child malnutrition, children in low-income families are more malnourished than those in high-income families.
Some cultural beliefs that may lead to malnutrition is religion. Among these is the influence of religions, especially in India are restricted from consuming meat. Also, other Indians are strictly vegan, which means, they do not consume any sort of animal product, including dairy and eggs. Indian household consume cereal to consume protein.
This phenomenon is most prevalent in the rural areas of India where more malnutrition exists on an absolute level. Whether children are of the appropriate weight and height is highly dependent on the socio-economic status of the population. Children of families with lower socio-economic standing are faced with sub-optimal growth. While children in similar communities have shown to share similar levels of nutrition, child nutrition is also differential from family to family depending on the mother’s characteristic, household ethnicity and place of residence. It is expected that with improvements in socio-economic welfare, child nutrition will also improve. Under-nutrition is more prevalent in rural areas, again mainly due to low socio-economic status.
Anaemia for both men and women is only slightly higher in rural areas than in urban areas. In urban areas, overweight status and obesity are over three times as high as rural areas. In terms of geographical regions, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Bihar have very high rates of under-nutrition. States with lowest percentage of under-nutrition include Mizoram, Sikkim, Manipur, Kerala, Punjab, and Goa, although the rate is still considerably higher than that of developed nations. Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Haryana, and Jharkhand. Goa, Manipur, Mizoram, and Kerala have anaemia.
Punjab, Kerala, and Delhi face the highest rate of overweight and obese individuals. Studies show that individuals belonging to Hindu or Muslim backgrounds in India tend to be more malnourished than those from Christian, Sikh or Jain backgrounds. The Government of India has launched several programs to converge the growing rate of under nutrition children. They include ICDS, NCF, National Health Mission. The Indian government started midday meal scheme on 15 August 1995. It serves millions of children with fresh cooked meals in almost all the government run schools or schools aided by the government fund. NGO-run midday meal programmes, each serving freshly cooked plant-based meals to over 1.