Much of this article deals with the educational system of Puntland due to a dearth of detailed and up-to-date information from the other regions in Somalia. In 1969, he institution obtained official university status in newly-independent Somalia. The main university grounds were situated macro planning in education pdf six kilometers from the city center of Mogadishu. Numerous problems had arisen with regard to access to education in rural areas and along gender lines, quality of educational provisions, responsiveness of school curricula, educational standards and controls, management and planning capacity, and financing.
To address these concerns, the Puntland government is in the process of developing an educational policy to guide the region’s scholastic process as it embarks on the path of reconstruction and economic development. Within the Puntland government, the Ministry of Education is responsible for developing and managing the region’s educational needs. University education comprises an average of four years. Thus, it is a 2-4-4-4 system. Puntland’s Ministry of Education also recognizes non-formal and technical and vocational education as integral parts of the region’s educational system. It also prepares children for school and facilitates the transition from home to primary school. Lower and upper primary students are taught for 36 and 42 lesson periods, each lasting 35 and 40 minutes, respectively, per week.
English is taught as a subject from Grades 2 to 8. Somali, Arabic, Islamic studies, English, physical education, geography and history. All subjects, with the exception of physical education, are compulsory. English is the language of instruction in secondary schools, except in the Somali, Arabic, and Islamic courses. Each school week is composed of 40 periods of 45 minutes each. Somalia refers to education offered on completion of secondary education.