Preparing America’s students for success. Close reading is an essential survival skill specially now that we live in a data-saturated world where we are constantly bombarded by all forms of textual and non-textual stimuli. At its core, close reading is a metacognitive practice that allows you to achieve a deeper understanding of complex texts. It is a methodically analytical process that aims at iste standards for students 2016 pdf both the surface and deeper meanings of a text through a close analysis of its language.
Close readers pay attention to syntax, lexicon and linguistic cues that can help uncover the implicit import of a textual output. Close, analytic reading stresses engaging with a text of sufficient complexity directly and examining its meaning thoroughly and methodically, encouraging students to read and reread deliberately. As an analytical skill, close reading, once developed, enables students to thoroughly engage with complex texts across different content areas. It’s a Swiss knife with multifunctions.
Students can use it to read science texts, analyze canonical literary texts, or uncover the hidden assumptions embedded in an online textual advertisement. In doing so, students draw on both textual and contextual cues to formulate a grounded understanding of the deeper meanings of the text. Each reading uncovers a layer of meaning and incrementally works towards building the general comprehension of the text. Annotating is an instrumental practice in purposeful close reading.
It involves jotting down notes, highlighting key lexical terms and grammatical structures, and identifying topical ideas and factual information. Through summarizing and synthesizing, close readers get to consolidate their overall understanding of the text making sure every nuance of meaning is captured. Ask and answer questions about the text. Identify the rational why you think certain ideas in the text are more significant than others. You can use these questions with students to help them become better close readers. We divided these questions into two main categories. What is the text about?
How does the text establish the setting? What inferences can you make about the topic of the text from your first reading? What words or phrases you did not understand in the text? Who is speaking in the text? Why did the author write the text?
Who is addressed in the text? Which language cues did you find helpful in understanding the text? Does the text embed visual images? If so, how do they align with the content of the text? What textual features used to connect paragraphs together? Did you draw on your prior knowledge to understand the text? Did you find any parts of the text confusing and why?
How did you overcome a particular difficulty you had with the text? What do you think about the topic of the text? If you were the author of this text, what would you have changed in its content and why? What do you think about the language of the text? 1-Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers. Retrieved November 16, 2012, from www. Close readingA: A cautionary interpretation.