Early symptoms can include human resource management by lm prasad pdf and tingling at the site of exposure. Once symptoms appear, the result is nearly always death. Rabies is spread when an infected animal scratches or bites another animal or human. Saliva from an infected animal can also transmit rabies if the saliva comes into contact with the eyes, mouth, or nose.
Globally, dogs are the most common animal involved. Rodents are very rarely infected with rabies. The disease can only be diagnosed after the start of symptoms. Animal control and vaccination programs have decreased the risk of rabies from dogs in a number of regions of the world. Immunizing people before they are exposed is recommended for those who are at high risk. The high-risk group includes people who work with bats or who spend prolonged periods in areas of the world where rabies is common. Rabies caused about 17,400 deaths worldwide in 2015.
Rabies is present in more than 150 countries and on all continents but Antarctica. More than 3 billion people live in regions of the world where rabies occurs. A number of countries, including Australia and Japan, as well as much of Western Europe, do not have rabies among dogs. Many small island nations do not have rabies at all. Initial signs and symptoms of rabies are often nonspecific such as fever and headache.