While Darius was preparing for another war against Greece, a revolt spurred in Egypt in 486 BC due to heavy taxes and the deportation of craftsmen to build the royal palaces at Susa and Perseopolis. Under Persian law, the king was required to choose a successor before setting out on dangerous expeditions. However, Darius could not lead the campaign due to his failing health and frank miller xerxes pdf in October 486 BC at the age of 64.
Xerxes, on the other hand, urged that he was sprung from Atossa, the daughter of Cyrus, and that it was Cyrus who had won the Persians their freedom. Spartan law states that the first son born while the father is king is the heir to the kingship. Some modern scholars also view the unusual decision of Darius to give the throne to Xerxes to be a result of his consideration of the unique positions that Cyrus the Great and his daughter Atossa enjoyed. Darius’s rise to the throne, and Artobazan’s mother was a commoner while Xerxes’s mother was the daughter of the founder of the empire. Achaemenian family, or any subject nation. Babylon had to clasp each New Year’s Day. This comes from the Daiva Inscriptions of Xerxes, lines 6-13.
Xerxes’s second attempt to bridge the Hellespont was successful. Xerxes was responsible, modern scholarship is skeptical. Xerxes was victorious during the initial battles. More recent estimates place the Persian force at around 60,000 combatants. Persian forces, but were ultimately defeated.