1863 a line reached the Portuguese border. By 1864 the Madrid-Irun line had europe rail map pdf opened, and the French border reached. In 1900 the first line to be electrified was the La Poveda-Madrid. 3 billion annually on average from 2005-2020.
Global Competitiveness in the Rail and Transit Industry p. This page was last edited on 10 January 2018, at 23:17. Europe-wide standard for train control and command systems. Both are well established and in advanced public implementation worldwide. Now it begins to start attention for the 3rd part of ETML i.
In October 2010 a logo was adopted for ERTMS, which oversees ETCS, an upright orange rectangle with rounded edges. The lower third shows “ertms” in lower-case sans-serif typeface, the upper two thirds 12 wide beams converging to a point on the right side, with two of the beams coming from the bottom, starting above the “e” and “s”. European operation management for railways, titled ERTMS. 6 to 8 different train protection systems. Generation of equal security levels in train operation with comparable rules. In autumn 2000 the member states of EU voted for publication of this specifications as decision of the European Commission to get a preliminary security in law and planning. EEC as mandatory for conventional rail.
In 2004 further development stalled for some reasons. The defined standards were comprehensive by political nature, but not exact in technical means. All players would protect their medium old investments until physically or economically constrained time of life. And some active players were willing to overcome the situation with a new Baseline definition, not suited for immediate action. This situation caused the decision to focus more on the technical parts of ETCS and GSM-R as universal technical foundations of ERTMS.
July 2005 as EU coordinator. ERTMS, attended by 700 people. ETCS is now mandatory for all EU funded projects which include new or upgraded signalling and GSM-R is required when radio communications are upgraded. ETCS components on the lineside of the railways and the train borne equipment. Both parts are connected by GSM-R as the communication part.