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Stop the Stigma” campaign by the UN is one such development. Furthermore, she writes that transphobia is fueled by insecurities people have about gender and gender norms. Other transsexual rights authors argue that a significant part of the oppositional sexist origin of transphobia, and especially of the forms that incite violence towards transsexual people, is linked to psychological claims of difference between male sexuality and female sexuality in the brain’s protection mechanisms from committing sex crimes. Norton writes that the “male-to-female transgender incites transphobia through her implicit challenge to the binary division of gender upon which male cultural and political hegemony depends”. Author Thomas Spijkerboe stated, “Transgender people subjected to violence, in a range of cultural contexts, frequently report that transphobic violence is expressed in homophobic terms.
Researchers say trans youth routinely experience taunting, teasing and bullying at school, and that nearly all trans youth say they were verbally or physically harassed in school, particularly during gym class, at school events, or when using single-sex restrooms. Three-quarters report having felt unsafe. As adults, transgender people are frequently subjected to ridicule, stares, taunting and threats of violence, even when just walking down the street or walking into a store. When asked if they had ever been forced to have sex, experienced violence in their home, or been physically abused, the majority answered yes to each question.