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There are considerable variations in the composition and responsibilities of corporate titles. President and CEO but no official deputy. The board of directors is technically not part of management itself, although its chairman may be considered part of the corporate office if he or she is an executive chairman. A corporation often consists of different businesses, whose senior executives report directly to the CEO or COO.
In these countries, the CEO presides over the executive board and the chairman presides over the supervisory board, and these two roles will always be held by different people. This seemingly allows for clear lines of authority. Some states that do not employ the MBCA continue to require that certain offices be established. CEO, or to appoint “managers” to operate the company.