Reduce risks from working in confined spaces, confined space legislation and confined space risk assessment pdf. Please enable scripts and reload this page. This page gives information on risks presented by working in confined spaces, how to minimise those risks, and legal obligations and duties for employers. What is a ‘confined space’?
What are the risks of working in confined spaces? Very often, injuries and deaths occur as a result of work being carried out such as welding, painting, flame cutting, use of chemicals. Places can also become confined spaces during construction work, fabrication or modification. Every year, a number of people are killed and others seriously injured working in confined spaces across a wide range of industries in the UK, from those involving complex plant to simple storage vessels. Those killed include not only people working in confined spaces but those who try to rescue them without proper training and equipment.
For work in confined spaces this means identifying the hazards present, assessing the risks and determining what precautions to take. You may need to appoint competent people to help manage the risks and ensure that employees are adequately trained and instructed. You may be the best person to do this, or you may need to train someone else to manage risks or engage the services of a competent person for additional help. If your assessment identifies risks of serious injury from work in confined spaces, such as the dangers highlighted above, the Confined Spaces Regulations 1997 apply.
Ask yourself if the work is really necessary, or if it can be done in some other way that avoids the need to enter the confined space? The results of your risk assessment should help to identify the necessary precautions to reduce the risk of injury, depending on the type of confined space, the associated risk and the work involved. The safe system of work should be implemented and everyone involved should be trained and instructed. The preparation of suitable and sufficient measures to be taken to ensure the safe rescue of a person in an emergency are required before a person enters a confined space. Safe work in confined spaces.
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What is a confined space? What are the key characteristics which define a confined space? What are the hazards associated with confined spaces? What are the legal requirements in regard to confined space entry? What are legal requirements in relation to Emergency Arrangements for confined spaces?
What must I look for in a confined space risk assessment? What are the key elements of a safe system of work for a confined space? What is a permit-to-work procedure? Where can I get more information on Work in Confined Spaces? A toxic atmosphere may cause various acute effects, including impairment of judgement, unconsciousness and death. A toxic atmosphere may occur due to the presence or ingress of hazardous substances.
An excess of oxygen, in the presence of combustible materials, results in an increased risk of fire and explosion. Some materials, which do not burn in air, may burn vigorously or even spontaneously in an enriched oxygen atmosphere. A flammable atmosphere presents a risk of fire or explosion. Such an atmosphere can arise from the presence in the confined space of flammable liquids or gases or of a suspension of combustible dust in air.
If a flammable atmosphere inside a confined space ignites, an explosion may occur, resulting in the expulsion of hot gases and the disintegration of the structure. Liquids or solids can flow into the confined space causing drowning, suffocation, burns and other injuries. Solids in powder form may also be disturbed in a confined space resulting in an asphyxiating atmosphere. The enclosed nature of a confined space can increase the risk of heat stroke or collapse from heat stress, if conditions are excessively hot. Regulations 2001 cover all work in relation to confined spaces.