This article is semi-protected until January 20, 2018. European diplomatic alignments shortly before the war. Note: Germany and the Ottoman Empire only formed an alliance shortly causes of first world war pdf the outbreak of the war. Allies are in green, the Central Powers in orange and neutral countries in grey.
Scholars doing short-term analysis focused on summer 1914 ask if the conflict could have been stopped, or whether it was out of control. The crisis escalated as the conflict between Austria-Hungary and Serbia came to involve Russia, Germany, France, and ultimately Belgium and Great Britain. 1914 that had left tensions high. In turn these public clashes can be traced to changes in the balance of power in Europe since 1867. Consensus on the origins of the war remains elusive since historians disagree on key factors, and place differing emphasis on a variety of factors. The deepest distinction among historians is between those who focus on the actions of Germany and Austria-Hungary as key and those who focus on a wider group of actors.