In these fields, managers attempted to determine the largest population of a particular species that could be supported by a habitat over a long period of time. Capacity planning case study pdf example, the notion of a carrying capacity assumes the world, such as the social-ecological systems in which protected areas and tourism destinations are situated, are stable. But we know they are dynamically complex and impossible to predict. We know that to implement a carrying capacity on a practical level, assumes a level of control of entries into a destination or protected area not usually found in the real world.
Unfortunately, there are no studies which support this notion of visitor management. For example, in areas which have an objective of maintaining pristine conditions, any level of visitor use creates adverse or negative impacts, suggesting that the carrying capacity is zero. Fundamentally, acceptable conditions are a matter of human judgment, not an inherent quality of a particular site. Understanding these acceptable conditions is the focus of the limits of acceptable change planning process referred to later in this article. There are number of different forms of carrying capacity referred to in tourism, however this article will focus on the four most commonly used.
However, these conceptions are useful only to the extent they focus discussion and discourse, not practical application. This is the maximum number of tourists that an area is actually able to support. In the case of an individual tourist attraction it is the maximum number that can fit on the site at any given time and still allow people to be able to move. This is normally assumed to be around 1m per person. This is a formula which has been used to calculate the physical carrying capacity.
This relates to the negative socio-cultural related to tourism development. Reduced visitor enjoyment and increased crime are also indicators of when the social carrying capacity has been exceeded. This deals with the extent to which the natural environment is able to tolerate interference from tourists. This is made more complicated by the fact that because it deals with ecology which is able to regenerate to some extent so in this case the carrying capacity is when the damage exceeds the habitat’s ability to regenerate. Environmental carrying capacity is also used with reference to ecological and physical parameters, capacity of resources, ecosystems and infrastructure. The main criticism of carrying capacity is that is fundamentally flawed conceptually and practically. Conceptually, the notion of an inherent carrying capacity assumes a stable and predictable world, a “J-shaped” curve in the relationship between use level and impact, and techno-scientific view of what are essential value judgments.